Just like other plants, trees can also become sick. This is why it is important to assess them on a regular basis to ensure that they are healthy. If your tree is not healthy, then it is a good idea to look for a professional to help you out. Main signs of a healthy tree include:
A tree produces new growth every year on their branches and their trunk. Therefore, you can find out if a tree is healthy by seeing how much growth has occurred in the past year by checking the distance between this year’s buds and last year’s.
This is something shown by the scars on the branch. And since growth depends on the type of tree, it is a good idea to find out more about a tree before measuring the distance between the buds. Doing this will help you know what to expect.
Broken and dead branches attract tree insects that can lead to major tree health problems and death of the affected tree. This is why it is a good idea to check if your branch is dead by scraping a branch using your thumbnail. A living branch will often have a green color underneath.
Another way to find out if a certain branch is healthy is by bending the branch in a gentle manner. A living branch is usually supple and bends easily. On the other hand, a dead branch snaps.
With the exception of some trees like eucalyptus, some birches, and maples, a healthy bark shouldn’t be peeling or loose. You should also check if there are any fungi on the trunk.
If there are any fungi growing, then your tree is unhealthy. Damage to the trunk can lead to an open wound that will allow diseases and insects to attack your tree. Also, check if there are any large cracks or holes and if there are any, then contact a professional.
A healthy tree does not have bare patches
If your tree is an evergreen one, check for sections that don’t have leaves year round. Otherwise, no need to worry about deciduous trees until leaves appear in the spring. Some of the most common causes of bare patches include:
-Animals eating the leaves
-Water and nutrients not reaching the affected branches
-Damage caused by pesticides
A healthy tree has now wilting
When a tree is stressed, it will start wilting. Its stems and leaves will lose their rigidness and start to drop. Some of the main causes of wilting include:
-Lack of water
-Not enough or too much sun
-Application of too much fertilizer
Proper leaf color, size, and shape
Leaves are a good indicator of tree health. A healthy tree’s leaves are the right color for the season you are in. If the leaves have started turning yellow, then it is good to seek help from specialists.
The leaves should also have a proper shape and not irregularly shaped or stunted. All these signs can indicate insect damage, nutrient deficiencies, pesticide damage, water problems, and diseases.
A healthy has no signs of diseases or insects
Insects and diseases lead to poor tree health. A healthy tree, therefore, has no signs of diseases and insects. Some of the things that will tell you that your tree may have been attacked by insects or your tree are sick include:
-Distortions in left color, size or shape
-Lack of flowers or fruits
-Insects visible on the tree
-Holes in branches, bark or leaves
-Growths on branches
-Slowing in growth rate
The signs above will help you know if your tree is healthy as they will help you carry out a successful tree assessment. However, if you find out that your tree is not healthy, don’t worry as there are many experience specialists out there who can ensure that your tree becomes healthy again.